Flemish art, art of the 15th, 16th, and early 17th centuries in Flanders, known for its vibrant materialism and unsurpassed technical skill. From the van Eycks through Bruegel to Rubens, the Flemish painters were masters of the oil medium and used it primarily to portray a robust and realistically detailed vision of the world around them. Their paintings reflect clearly the changes in fortune of this narrow slice of country between France, Germany, and the Low Countries: first came the peaceful, pious, and prosperous 15th-century reigns of the dukes of Burgundy; then a long confused succession of religious crises and civil wars; and finally the imposition of autocratic rule by the kings of Spain.
The Lucca Madonna
Jan van Eyck (before 1395-1441)
Pieter Bruegel The Elder 1525-1569
Peter Paul Rubens (1577–1640), Christ Wearing the Crown of Thorns (Ecce Homo), c. 1612
Antonis van Dyck Lucy Percy, Countess Carlisle
Peter Paul Rubens