A FREE magazine for artists by artists just like you!
Apr 26, 2012
The Color Coach
The Color Wheel
Sharon Teal Coray
This is first of a new series on Color. I am going to delve into color and all that it involves in each lesson. One of the things I found as a teacher was that if my student understood color and how to use them they were much better artists.
Color is such an important part of our lives especially if we are artists. We need to have a full understanding of color and all of its components to be a great artist. So with that said lets begin with some terms that we use.
Primary Colors (Red, Yellow, and Blue) are those that are not formed by the mixing of any other colors and can be said to be "pure" colors. Secondary Colors (Orange, Green, and Violet) are those formed by the mixing of two or more primary colors. Tertiary Colors (Red-Orange, Yellow-Orange, Yellow-Green, Blue-Green, Blue-Violet, and Red-Violet) are those produced by the mixing of two or more secondary colors.
Hue, Value and Intensity
These three terms are known as the three different dimensions that can be applied to each color you use. These were first discovered by a scientist named Helmholz and later used as a basis for the Munsell System. The Munsell color system is a color space that specifies colors based on these three color dimensions: hue value and chroma. It was created by Professor Albert H. Munsell in the first decade of the 20th century and adopted by the USDA as the offical color system for soil research in the 1930s
Hue: This simply means the “name” of the color; this allows us to distinguish one color from another.
Value: This is not the monetary value of something; it is the lightness or darkness of a color. It is very important to learn, if the value is wrong then the color will be wrong.
Intensity Chroma or Saturation: This is the strength or the purity of a color. The color right out of the tube is the purest form. When mixed with another color or medium you will change the intensity.
Lets examine each one of these dimensions of color. Hue: This names the colors around the color wheel. (Add color wheel) You may find that the hue in different brands can differ in color slightly. Value: This first quality is the most important one in the study of color. Why is this the most important? Value is the lightnes and darkness of a color. It is an important tool for the designer/artist, in the way that it defines form and creates spatial illusions. Difference of value separates objects in space, while graduation of value suggests mass and contour of a neighboring surface. Intensity Saturation and Chroma are synonymous terms and refer to the intensity of a color. Saturation is determined by how much or how little gray a color contains.
More to come...........