Jun 8, 2009
What does a “GOOD DESIGN” include?
We hear the term “design’ many times in the art would, but do we really have a full understanding of what it actually means? A good painting needs to have these principals of design to really be a good painting.
What exactly is “design?” Design can be defined as a decorative pattern or a recognized structure of a picture.
The painting must have colors and materials that go together and an arrangement of forms that make a good design or style.
Where do these designs start?
They begin in the mind of the creator. Once the original design is thought of , then the artist will work on all the parts that go together to make the whole and this is done through the artists own understanding of all the components.
The principals of a good design.
The principles of design include seven segments:
So what do these mean?
This simply means the pattern of design. A balance would be achieved if you used a bright blue border to hold and maintain an interior space of even, repetitious lines or other forms. The design would be unbalanced if it had areas of uneven size that had no similarity in pattern, color or texture. Symmetry is the key to total balance but may not be as interesting as contrived or manipulated balance. Simply stated, balance is the arrangement of one or more elements in a work of art so that they appear symmetrical (even) or asymmetrical (uneven) in design and proportion
Unity is actually harmony, when all sections make the other sections feel complete and work together to create “harmony.“ Unity pulls the design into focus and makes it seem like one design rather than a haphazard collection of shapes. It is a feeling of completeness which is created by the use of elements in the artwork.
This is the arrangement of your design. For instance, curly lines all around your design create a pattern, but they must be continued throughout the entire project to achieve good pattern. If you suddenly stopped the curly lines, the pattern would be lost and result in a static look.
This is the suggestion or illusion of motion in a painting, sculpture or design. Circles going diagonally up and down from right to left, for example, could show that the design moves up and to the right or down and to the left. Simple manipulation of shapes and textures can create dynamic designs, as can repetitions of these manipulations.
Contrast shows the difference in two sections of a design by creating dissimilarity between those two components. For example putting extreme darks or lights next to each other are examples of contrasts. Texture against smooth surfaces are another way to emphasize the contrast. Shapes that are totally different from their direct counterpoints are often the emphasis in a painting.
This is the movement.When the regular repetition of particular forms or elements occurs in a work of art, that work is said to have rhythm. It suggests motion. Consider that a plain white boxed-in area has no rhythm at all, while a busy, jumbled mass of shapes and lines shows rhythm and activity.
Now we come the “elements” of a good painting.
These components are what help you fo create unique work.
This is so easy. Color is simply mood. It is what grabs peoples attention.
This is the relative darkness or lightness of a color.
The “mood” can be emphasized by use of dark or bright colors. Texture helps your design be distinctive or have identity and may be the most captivating element.
This is something prominent from its surroundings by its outline within your design. Your shape can be the entire design or repeated for coverage of an area.
This is similar to the idea of shape. Form is the structure of your design and how everything in the design looks. It should have continuity and look like it is meant to go together.
You have to include space in your design. It uses blank areas and shows a relationship between the designs and those open spots. Space lets the viewer feel comfortable and lets the eye differentiate separate parts and how they relate to one another. All designs may not have space and still be successful, however, space is most often a vital element in design.
Lines define position and direction. It delineates portion, placement and interaction between shape and space and actually is the drawing or painting. The human eye needs some sort of line, even one that is subtle to anchor upon. This line might be the interplay between two distinct shapes or a soft color change between two areas of a canvas. It is possible to do work that has no "lines" and still have a very successful painting, but lines are the fastest way to bond with a viewer.
In very simple terms, how you apply these principles and elements makes your work unique.
When you begin your quest, simplicity is the key to successful design.
Think in uneven numbers and keep the main elements of your design simple.
Three is a great beginning point and in this number, you might consider three different sizes, three different textures and three colors. Placement of these three shapes might slightly overlap for visual "connection."
The principles and elements of design are used to design anything. The elements of design are the nuts and bolts, the mechanicals, and the materials that work together to form the design. In other words, the principles are rules to govern the design and the elements are the components that are pulled together to create the outcome.